Today, I opened my email and among some things, one strongly called my attention.
They asked me if it was possible to apply a dye in your hair without a developer or peroxide.
I admit that even though I was missing a good dose of morning caffeine, since I had just woken up five minutes before, the question left me perplexed.
It was the first time in my entire professional career that I had been asked that question. And people have asked me all different kinds of question, some of which, frankly, are quite out there.
And no offense, this is one of those out-there questions.
Let’s see, I’ll give you another example.
Let’s imagine that I want a pair of stiletto heels. After driving the saleswomen crazy, I got home and the first thing that I did was take off the shoes. What would you think?
Obviously that I’m crazy.
Let’s look at another example.
My best friend invited me to one of those trendy lunch restaurants. I was dying to try the ravioli in a mushroom sauce.
When the kid left me the plate, the only thing that I devoured were the small pieces of mushroom.
What would you think?
Obviously, that somewhere there was a screw loose.
With the question about if you can apply the color to your hair without peroxide or developer, the same thing happened to me.
Do you want to know why?
I’ll tell you why I’m not crazy nor is there a screw loose, but before I tell you:
- What does the developer do in the coloring process
- What other alternatives exist to not use peroxide
- Why it’s important to get rid of your fear of peroxide but be cautious
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What is developer used for in the coloring process
The email left me and my knowledge turned upside down because I didn’t understand very well, what would bring a person to ask me this question.
The idea is simple.
If you want to color your hair, it is important to change the color. Plain and simple.
In this moment, I’m not going to get into the explanation of how the color wheel works to not bore you with explanations.
So let’s go from the basics that a person knows already about the color theory and that want to change their hair color.
What do you need to achieve this?
Very good! You will need dye.
But in order for the dye to act in your hair, you will need another element.
What will you need?
Bravo once again! You will need an oxidizing agent called a developer or hydrogen peroxide. /su_highlight]
Why will you need a developer?
I’ll give you that answer directly.
The dye has a property that provide the color molecules to the hair.
But in order for these molecules to be deposited in the hair, they have to enter the stalk of the hair.
That’s where peroxide enters the battle.
Because as if it were a knight in shining armor, it penetrates the cuticle of the hair with his sword in hand, pulling up the scales of the cuticle.
And that is where the dye can act.
In reality, what you should do is mix both elements before applying them to your hair, so that they can do their job.
The developer, as its name indicates, will draw up the cuticles and the color will apply the new color pigments.They are something like Batman and Robin, except that Batman works perfectly without Robin and vice versa.
In the case of the dye and the peroxide, it’s not the same. They need each other; it’s a symbiotic relationship in which each one gets benefits from the other.
What I can guess after my years of experience is that perhaps the girl from the email wanted to know if there were dyes that don’t need peroxide.
And that’s where things change.
Because there are dyes that are designed to work without needing peroxide.
Even though there are certain disadvantage than with those that act together with peroxide.
What alternatives exist so as to not use peroxide when dyeing hair
The dyes that work together with peroxide are called permanent dyes.
Like we saw before, the peroxide draws up the cuticle of the hair in order to allow the color molecules to penetrate to the interior and deposit them.
This will make the new color last longer in the hair, at least three or four weeks. Even though obviously this will always depend on the amount of times that you wash your hair during the week.
For those people that are afraid of peroxide because, by the way, it’s an aggressive element for your hair, there are other kinds of dyes.
Dyes that don’t need to act together with peroxide. They are called semi-permanent dyes.
Since they don’t use peroxide, the color molecules of the dye are deposited on the external part of the hair. Meaning, it doesn’t modify the internal melanin of the hair.
But the color also fades more quickly.
It could last two weeks, and once again, that will depend on the amount of times you wash your hair.
Another disadvantage is that with semi-permanent dye, you will never be able to lighten your hair, only darken it.
Now,, it also has its advantages from not using peroxide. To start with, most formulas for semi-permanent dyes are vegan.
This means that they don’t use ingredients like parabens and sulfates which tend to dry out the hair.
The exact opposite. Their formulas are enriched with ingredients like olive oil, argan oil or collagen, depending on the brand we are talking about.
That’s why if you are afraid of peroxide, maybe semi-permanent dyes are best for you.
Are you not a fan of changing your hair color and it not last very long?
Then you should use permanent dyes which only work with peroxide.
But there is a way to minimize the damage the developer does to your hair.
How to make it so the developer damages your hair as little as possible
To be completely sincere, any chemical process on your hair implies some damages.
And coloring is a chemical process because the ingredients used in it modify the internal structure of the hair.
Even so, there are a few tricks so that this damage is a little as possible.
So, keep reading, because in the end, I will give you the recipe for a homemade mask to minimize the damages caused by peroxide.
- Prepare your hair before coloring
If you want your hair to be healthy after dyeing it, two weeks before, you should nourish it and hydrate it.
Doing deep hydration treatments at least twice a week and the night before you color it, apply coconut oil to your hair.
Let it sit overnight, applying a shower cap so you don’t stain your pillowcase.
- Reduce the use of hair dryers and flat irons
Excessive heat reduces the moisture in your hair, which can result in broken and weak hair.
- Choose the right developer
There are different grades, or volumes, of peroxide or developer. You can choose from volume 10 to volume 40.But be careful, 40-volume peroxide should only be used by a professional.
Because if your hair is blonde and you use a 40-volume peroxide, you’ll practically fry your hair.
I recommend that you start with a 40-volume peroxide if you want to lighten your hair two tones.
- Rinse your hair with cold water after washing
Hot water makes the cuticles on the exterior layer of the stalk of the hair increase, which means the loss of moisture and frizz.
And your hair is also more susceptible to damage. To prevent this, rinse your hair with cold water, because this will seal the cuticles, control the frizz and will seal the color in the stalk of the hair.
And now, what I promised.
Homemade mask to reduce the damages of the developer on your hair
The loss of moisture and the dryness are the most common secondary effects when you use developer.
The only way to avoid this problem is to moisturize, moisturize and moisturize your hair.
Once a week, apply this natural mask to your hair and you’ll see how the damage of the developer are dramatically reduced.
- ½ avocado
- 1 banana
- 1 tablespoon of olive oil
- Mash up the avocado and banana in a bowl until there are no more lumps
- Add the olive oil
- Apply the mixture from the roots until the points
- Let the mixture set in your hair for an hour
- Rinse the hair, washing it with sulfate-free shampoo, and if possible, using cold water
Now you know why if you want to dye your hair permanently you will need to use peroxide.
But you also know how to protect your hair best to minimize the damage.
Do you know any other ways to prevent the developer from damaging your hair every time you color it?
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